Updated 2-3-2024: The book Merchant Networks 1760-1860 will sell for $90 from 2023/2024. Dan Byrnes used to be at, Flat 4/145 Marsh Street, Armidale but in 2023 for health reasons (he is now 75) he abandoned that address for Room 22, Fernbrook East, Autumn Lodge Uniting, 50 Butler Street, Armidale, NSW 2350, Australia. Retiring and downsizing, etc. Appearance on this website and from 15 Feb 2022 on www.academia.edu of a co-written article by Peter Dickson/Dan Byrnes on convict contractor to North America (Virginia and Maryland) John Stewart (d.1772) and his formerly-unknown salt production/sale (near Portsea/Portsmouth), for Southern England. See John Stewart at Portsea: Convicts & Salt, by Peter Dickson ... (See also: Peter Dickson's profile at academia.edu).
By 30 June there is a new version of Gramps released (v?). 28-6-2023: This website's netsurfers say:(1) The easiest way once you have Gramps installed is: 1) Start with Gramps NOT running; 2) right-click the GEDCOM file (dan1.ged though it takes hours to process) and choose to open the file with Gramps from the context menu (The context menu might have Gramps as an option and only list "Open with..." . You would have to use this and then find the Gramps application from the dialog that appears.) Doing this with the file will open Gramps, create a blank tree and begin the import.
Be certain to set a Home person after importing. Such a focal point is needed for some of the features to work correctly. See https://gramps-project.org/wiki/index.php/Gramps_Glossary#H
Alternately, if you want to import from WITHIN the Gramps GUI, see the following support thread in the ('Discourse' powered) Gramps user forum: (Ends)
https://gramps.discourse.group/t/gedcom-daten-importieren/1843/2
Idea of 16-2-2023 acted upon to write a new article for final upload later this year to academia.edu on London alderman of the 1780s/1790s, George Mackenzie Macaulay, revisited, and his little-known role with the First Fleet of convict ships to Australia. It is going well by August 2023 after a major disruption/health emergency which is finally risen above. Re the current state of play: there are now at least two theories about early (1788) Anglo-Australian convict transportation - not just one - one concerns a peacable Britain - the prevailing view - about a mostly peaceful Pacific Ocean - the second view - more a minority view and my view - is concerned with a more anti-Spanish Britain - So read the new (2022/2023) book Merchant Networks now (by Dan Byrnes and Ken Cozens,$90). The prevailing view from the 1930s assumes that Cook's three missions of exploration were peaceable at heart in the Pacific and benign to all - and a new theory (Theory II) promulgated by Ken Cozens of London and I - that downplays the Banks/Cook legacy and argues that Britain from 1788 and earlier in the Pacific made life hell for the Spanish, who declared that at least some English mariners should die. You can now choose to read both/either. Both theories are discussed here. Theory I (the prevailing or orthodox view) believes: in the truth of the Cook/Banks legacy and that it ought to be mentioned; Theory II, (the Cozens/Byrnes view seen in the book Merchant Networks) - $90 - believes that the Cook/Banks legacy should be mentioned but not relied on:
So historically: on 1-1-2023 began the Byrnes War on Complacency in the US, the UK, and Australasia about Convict Transportation Issues, and it appears that before this date, my www.academia.edu profile had the view that: I am a member of Australian Association for Maritime History (correct), that I have 111 followers (academia.edu would know), with a mere 29 following; that I have one co-author, (actually I as an Australian writer now have two co-authors, both in the UK, and the second is Peter Dickson, the first is Ken Cozens); I have 6,881 Total Views (true, and as academia.edu would know); I am in the www.academia.edu top 4% but I have only 29 Public Mentions. What does this tell you, really?
Activity: Go now to: the large file "dan1.ged" is on the desktop: pafdownload/dan1.ged. Updating/expanding genealogy database as usual and including re the early days of the Australian Agricultural Company (AACo) (from about 1824 in eastern Australia). Other webpages. Have now finished rewriting major new manuscript on Ancient History, titled Climate Changes. Maritime history: Prof Gary L. Sturgess is now (2022-2023) issuing an informative, "occasional" newsletter about new research on the First and other Fleets of convict ships to Australia. Issue 6 is concerned with George Worgan. Issue 4 is concerned with the Melvill Cup/Fleet3. Issue 3 is concerned with a little-known miniature image of Captain William Hill of the NSW Corps, arrived Second Fleet, and his family. Issue No. 2, issued On 28 November, 2022 is concerned with "a biographical dictionary" of the First Fleet ships, as ships, with a long-range-view on their entire career being implicit. Issue 1 was concerned with a little-known, little-written-about topic, convict messes as used on the First Fleet.
See also the Pathways files for "Family History" re the convict ships generally: Pathways files
... See also re more history downloads from my profile on www.academia.edu.

Dan Byrnes logo

Now offering for free download: Re Gramps (v5.1.2 see the Guide/wiki). It takes about 11 hours to import dan1.ged into Gramps; so recommend you import overnight. Do not worry. as there is always tomorrow.
Meantime, "dan1.ged" will be regularly exported as in the format gedcom 5.5 from my copy of PAF5 so that netsurfers can continue to use their own software of their own choice plus this ged.com file. The type of Gedcom output that PAF5 exports is: Other GEDCOM 5.5 (And it is a huge file as it consists of about 773800 individals/353727 marriages. So transfer it first to your computer while you are asleep or are doing something non-computer!) As research it was used as part of my new book of modern history, on Merchant Networks - ($90, 19 years/four drafts in the research and writing.) Merchant Networks, 1760-1860. ($90, co-researched and co-written with Ken Cozens in London) ... One idea behind merchant networks is that till 1820 and long after, senior merchants came as part of their families, and and any idea before about then, that "entrepreneurs" were lone beings, is a modern invention, if not a downright fiction about industries, a thing of ideology as distinct from a historical reality; a misunderstanding of the education, the early years and the training within an industry, and the later careers, of merchants who become senior in their industry(s)- and at times, their marriages - all mistakes the result of the mis-application of modern ideologies - and a follow up to The Blackheath Connection by Dan Byrnes). Apart from: a book of commentary on aspects of both Ancient and Modern history. Climate Changes by Dan Byrnes. Other: Coming up soon.

Try things here via an Internet cafe if you have to. NB: These websites (InternetI-style) were from 1997 designed on a tower computer and are still best seen by/from a tower computer, not a mobile phone or a tablet computer/laptop. For up-to-date information on recent hits/pageviews see statcounter.com or this web domain at ... : .

The software I was using for research, Personal Ancestral File, (Paf5, obsolete by 2013-2014) was software for real genealogists, particularly re its Notes section, whereas Gramps seems to be made from the point of view of a computer programmer who is only–maybe guided by some genealogists. Nor is Gramps good for large numbers of people. Paf5 – some entries in Gramps are now being taken out - was very good for the research historian as it was easier to use and was more oriented to parents and spouses than is Gramps, which seems to emphisize more the children of noted progenitors. And so on. With Gramps it is hard to see how to Add some parents for a selected individual but see Relationships, then Charts.

Phone Dan Byrnes (now retired)
Mobile-phone-in-Australia: 0478 644 736
Dan Byrnes,
Room 22,
Fernbrook East, Autumn Lodge/Uniting,
50 Butler Street, Armidale. NSW 2350. Australia.

You can also look for the following eleven separate websites ... (Some are finished already, some are not-yet-finished.)
About page - finished
Lost Worlds - The Website - now closed - ie, finished. Explore history timelines and wonder deeply about the past.
Bibliographies/Booklists (Australian history) - work-in-progress
The Blackheath Connection - A major work in Early Modern Australian history _ The Blackheath Connection ... a 70+ page website on convict transportation to North America, then to Australia to 1810. Based on The Duncan Campbell Letterbooks 1758-1803++ held by Mitchell Library, Sydney. Finished.
The English Business of Slavery - a 12-chapter website book - finished except for the last chapter which needs new info on explorer William Dampier.
The Merchant Networks Project (A follow-up to The Blackheath Connection) - The Merchant Networks Project website (Updated from 3-9-2019, now being finished. Finished by early 2023. Merchant and commercial histories with Dan Byrnes and Ken Cozens - now finished.
Merchants and Bankers Listings (history) Finished. Now a "green website" and the home of merchants26, a webpage on world climate matters.
History of Music Technology - articles and timelines (HoTM) - a work-in-progress).
Poetry (Poems 1-1000) - a work-in-progress still.
Humour - a work-in-progress
Short stories and a few articles - finished.
Personal Website, The - A work-in-progress.

What these websites do ...

  • Free downloads (see instructions).
  • New pages: Humour
  • bluepin gifComing up soon: More to come here.
  • Buy an e-book of poetry by Dan Byrnes from Kindle by clicking here
  • Dan Byrnes Resume/CV
  • Short stories
  • Poetry by Dan Byrnes (Old or new 1-1000)
  • Problems 1786-1868. The British Empire - Have British historians tended to forget which of their merchants did best out of convict transportation systems 1718-1868? Yes.
    How to best make them remember? No idea. But it is a long time to have much the same policy about anything!
    North America, 1718-1775. Do American Colonial historians have a problem with talking about C18th coerced labour? Certainly, they do.
    The American Revolution. Do American historians fully understand where the minor Revolutionary diplomat, Matthew Ridley, actually came from? Not yet. Are non-Americans better off inspecting the ranks of Loyalists rather than Revolutionaries? Yes, especially non-French Canadians. To a lesser extent, the English the Scots, the Anglo-Australians.
    The English hulks system. Is it well understood in the English penal system? No. Has the entire career of the overseer of the Thames River hulks system, Duncan Campbell (1726-1803), been well understood? (Despite a treatment of him being put on the net by myself some 20 years ago). No.
    On the convict transportation system to Australia, 1786-1868. Have we Australians done well or badly with rendering the beginning of the system of convict transportation? We have done ordinarily to badly.
    Have we Australians done well or badly with describing the work the convics actually did? No.
    Have we Australians done well with describing the supply of Sydney from India, No! Have we done well with describing how well or badly we got on with China? No!
    Have we Australians done well or badly with treating the end of the system of convict transportation (to WA)? Very badly.

    The ged com file "dan1.ged" will include (in genealogical format): A great many names as the empire changes shape of British merchants - (and maybe for the first time ever, their wives, who are often (but not always) from noted families): On the integrity of Pacific Ocean history vis-a-visthe integrity of Atlantic Ocean history (the way the Bounty mutiny of 1789 has been written about by Australians). On the Scottish Darien Company: On The First Campbells on Jamaica (from the 1690s to about 1850 and beyond): On The Claibornes of southern America and other Colonial American names (original close links between the Anglo-American American colonies and the British/Caribbean sugar Islands): On Susannah Waple as the wife from 1718 of London-based convict contractor, Jonathan Forward: On convict transportation 1718-1775 to Virginia and Maryland in North America: On the Cook's/Banks legacy in the Pacific: On the lead-up to the death in 1772 of British/London convict contractor John Stewart and what his junior partner Duncan Campbell did by way of debt-collection by identifiable American colonials: The Battle of Bunker Hill and a role for a relative of Duncan Campbell, Major John Pitcairn: Duncan Campell's career (1776-1803) as overseer of the Thames River prison hulks: On the late C18th Anglo-American "bank", Lane, Son and Fraser: Power of the Cook/Banks legacy: role re the Enderby whalers of an assumption that Captain James Cook's declaration of British sovereignty over Australia had something to do with later convict transportation to Eastern Australia: The Sir Joseph Bank's recommendations re convict transportation to Australia and the Beauchamp Commitee: The American Revolution and Patriots vs Loyalists: On London politics and "the convict problem": On Thomas Jefferson 's visit to London from France in 1786 (the American "debt repudiation problem" versus the British debtors): the first convict transportations to Australia: On the ship Lady Penrhyn of the First Fleet and the role of alderman George M. Macaulay: On the mutiny on HM Bounty: On the naval-contracting governors of New South Wales (NSW): On the deposition of William Bligh as governor of NSW: On Gov. Macquarie's time and on military style contracting not naval. On the first Anglo-Australian wool ship: On the English side of convict transportation to Austalia and on British "convict contractors" as the business changed: On the British convict contractor, Robert Brooks. On NSW moral reformer, Caroline Chisholm: The 1869 meeting of British capitalists/businessmen at Robert Brooks' premises re Australia, as discussed by Broeze, well deserves consideration here: On the end of Convict Transportation to Australia:
    Womens' names, as womens' names, change historical narratives; so "women" as given will include: wives, sisters, aunts, mothers, daughters, mother's-in-law; friends, cousins/relatives. Names famous will generally include both ancestors and/or descendants.
    The Colonial American name Taliaferro leads to actress Glenn Close. Mitt Romney. Some names of General Interest might be: the wife of UK PM David Cameron: UK PM Winston Chuchill. US singer David Crosby. Some American political names handled are: General George Washington, President Thomas Jefferson, President John Adams, President James Madison, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Pres: Theodore Roosevelt, Pres. Grover Cleveland, most other US presidents, Senator Kerry; US recent runner for President, Mitt Romney: some US state governors including:. Wealthy American names include: John Jacob Astor, Vanderbilt, Drexel, JP Morgan. Other famous US people are Robert Morris ("financier of the American Revolution") and the partner of Morris, Thomas Willing; Maccomb (land developer), William Duer (land developer). American land developers of the C18th or C19th, other. Interesting UK names will include: Sir Richard Neave. Australia trade names will include Robert Brooks, Lambert, Boyd, Johnson and Archer (Anglo-Australian frozen meat?). Other US names will include: Davy Crockett [the Alamo, Texas], the prophet Brigham Young and before him, Smith, (US Mormons). UK London Blackheathites (London) include: the South whalers Enderby, Larkins, Duncan Campbell. John St Barbe. London Alderman George. M . Macaulay. Slaver, Thomas King. Australian political names might include?: premiers of states; Other Australian names of interest: Murray of Yarralumla, Max Ellis of Tamworth NSW Australia and his ancestor, Capt. James Cain in Melbourne; Rupert Murdoch (newspapers); E. H. Hall (newspapers); New Zealand political names might include: Ferguson. Some of the vice-regal sector for NSW Australia; Canada, New Zealand: Ferguson. Reverends or reformers include: Rev. Cotton Mather (Colonial America) Caroline Chisolm (C19th Australia). Some sundry names of interest are: hat-thief convict 1726 Longmire to Virginia. London/British "bankers" to America are: Lane, Son and Fraser, and providers of credit to Americans and British bankers will include: the listees Francis Baring, Barclays, Coutts, Smiths the bankers, Robarts, Hankey, Grenfell. British shippers not involved with convicts who went for steam shipping, not sailing ships, include: Sir Samuel Cunard (a founder of Peninsula and Oriental or PandO);
    British East Indies names of interest are: the Lords Wellesley, Lord Cornwallis. Many convicts to Australia, including First fleeters, John Small. Second fleeters, Third fleeters, later convicts to NSW: convicts to VDL include: Other names of general interest are: the present UK royal family and Freemasonry. Scots. The English. Poor history research jobs: the Australians: such little research on the ownership of the convict vessels 1718-1868 and the same goes for generations of British historians; The Americans: the quaint folk belief that no convicts were sent to Virginia and Maryland in Colonial America, 1718-1775; the USA, such a poor job on the maritime history/ships of the Boston Tea Party (1773), said to be owned by Enderby whalers of London. Btw this website's genealogy database is now being recoded so that re Australia post-1788 we discuss less of serving officers/non-serving and men of HM armed forces in Australia and more of other people including convict ships and the mariners who staffed the convict ships 1786-1868; plus to Viginia in general, on the 2023 war I hope to wage against complacency about such issues in the UK, USA or Australasia. the USA did not recive no convicts 1718-1775!
    A late 2022 international message to all those leaving spam/websites on my blog. How would you like to be sued for the time I have to waste in removing your nonsense lodgements on my blog online? just timewasters, all of you! Ggrr!

    We recommend for generally keeping abreast of currents news/issues: this website at file merchants26.htm re Climate Change matters; BBC Headlines, Paul Menaudues' "Pearls and Irritants" blog:<

    Now reading; Mark Lewisohn, The Beatles Tune In. Little/Brown, 2013, (A masterpiece of excellent historical research in quite a large book!)
    Paul McCartney (Sir), (Edited with an Introduction by Paul Muldoon), The Lyrics: 1956 to the present. Two vols. Allen Lane/Penguin/Random House/MPL, 2021. (And see the website HotM by date.) E-mail anytime to: dan@danbyrnes.com.au and be prepared for an answer soon. And try soon for more free downloads of files from this domain.

    List of usual contributors: Not-related gentlemen Phillip Russell and Warwick Russell (both now retired) re Current Affairs. TV generally re climate matters. Dan Byrnes and Ken Cozens (retired, UK, re history, and re Merchant Networks, $90). Peter Dickson (UK, history). Gary L. Sturgess (in Sydney, Australia, history). Ed Matzenik (Maitland, Australia, music) and re music also, SBS Chill and Andrew Clermont, music. Brian Robson (retired, Bondi, Sydney, Australia, re computers, Australian politics (but now discontinued). Retired: Larry West (Texas, USA, affairs in general: Gerry Patterson (now inactive) (Melbourne, Australia, affairs in general). And still active: Joel Byrnes (Brisbane, Australia, technical assistance, music modern, affairs in general). In Tamworth, NSW, Max Ellis (retired, history) Lou Farina (retired) and David Mead (retired). Thanks to Dora Koops for proofreading etc. E-mailers various, inc. Sydney country music author Monika Allan, Michael Longmire (Virginia, USA, history). Also, re history, Reggie Thomson, emailers various, Shane Ware (Tamworth, history). Shane Muldoon (Melbourne, Economics). Certain of these websites (news digests various, Lost Worlds, Merchant and Bankers Listings, Merchant Networks, The Blackheath Connection, The English Business of Slavery) were closed in May 2020 due to Corona Virus and associated problems. NOT due to be closed are still-used sections of this domain for feedback, climate change, poetry, music matters, family history, humour, and things personal. Special thanks (considered alphabetically) to the following who contributed to the book that became Merchant Networks after so long: Prof. Alan Atkinson, Brian Bailey (Melbourne), Prof. Geoffrey Blainey, my son Joel Byrnes, my sister Maureen Simmonds nee Byrnes, my co-writer/co-researcher Ken Cozens of London, e-mailer Pauline Currien, Keith Dawson of Toowoomba (Enderbys), Yvonne D'Elboux, Peter Dickson (on convict contractor John Stewart d. 1772), Prof Madge Dresser, Prof. Harry Duckworth (Canada, re Lane, Son and Fraser), Max Ellis, Lou Farina, Prof. Siri Gamage, Graham Halcrow (London), Mr Scott Hall, Mrs Patricia Iseke of New Zealand (deceased), e-mailer Helen Jackson, Mr. Bert Jenkins, Mrs. Dora Koops (proofreading), Prof Chris Lloyd, Mr. Michael Longmire of Viginia, USA, Dr. Jim Maher, & Greg Clarke & Caroline Chapman, Dr. Chris Maxworthy, David and Margaret Mead, Dr.Tod Moore, Dr Shane Muldoon, Gerry Patterson, Prof. Sinem Ogis, Brian Robson, Mr. George Rosenberg, Prof/poet Michael Sharkey, Prof. Hani Soliman, Prof. Gary L. Sturgess, Rod Taylor, Kate Thomas, Prof Paul Tonks, Andrew Waple, Shane Ware.


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    Dan Byrnes © 1997-2022 plus contributors in their own right. All rights reserved. | Images: In-house logos and some graphics by Lou Farina, Joel Byrnes, Dan Byrnes. Many photos by Dan Byrnes. Assistance with Linux technicals from Daniel Baldwin (Armidale). Past technical assistance from Gerry Patterson, Owen Wigg, Brian Robson of Bondi in Sydney, Joel Byrnes. Assistance from the 1990s with HTML mark-up work from Brian Robson, Gerry Patterson, Joel Byrnes.

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    Tech update: From early 2019: This website is lately made with open source web editor kit Bluefish and produced with a Linux Mint o/s V20.3, or later ...